Leg swelling can be caused by different reasons that may range from very serious to more benign and chronic causes. The more serious causes of leg swelling include heart failure and blood clot in the leg (Deep Venous Thrombosis).
The less serious causes also include many reasons like medications and arthritis or inflammation. However, the most interesting cause that is also very common but least understood by medical providers is Chronic Venous Insufficiency
Leg edema (leg swelling) caused by CVI is typically worse towards the end of the day, after prolonged standing or sitting. In advanced cases, the swelling may be constant and even interfering with moving around or walking.
Venous insufficiency is a progressive medical condition in which the valves that allow the blood to travel from the legs to the heart no longer function. This can cause blood to pool in the legs causing veins to swell. The incorrect blood flow (or reflux) causes the blood to seep into the tissues and cause swelling, pain and cramps in the legs.
Patients with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) of lower extremities can often present with complaints of leg pain, fatigue or ache, cramps (Charley Horses), restless legs, and varicose or spider veins, in addition to the leg swelling . In more advanced cases, skin discoloration (Stasis Dermatitis) and skin hardening (fibrosis and panniculitis) as well as dreadful ulcerations (Venous Ulcers
) may develop.
Swollen feet can be caused by several factors including prolonged standing, lack of exercise, overuse, surgery, or pregnancy. Swollen feet or swollen ankles most often return to normal in a short period of time, but in other cases they could indicate an underlying problem such as Chronic Venous Insufficiency or CVI.
Long-term symptoms from swollen legs or feet can form spider veins, reticular veins or varicose veins
— leading to other side effect such as swollen ankles, swollen ankles, leg edema, leg ulcers, and much more.
Chronic Venous Insufficiency and vein diseases and can be treated with a variety of minimally invasive procedures including Radio Frequency Ablation, ClariVein Ablation, or the VenaSeal procedure.